Bình luận về Hồ Chí Minh và Đảng Cộng Sản Việt Nam

Bình luận về Hồ Chí Minh và Đảng Cộng Sản Việt Nam

Wednesday, 26 September 2012




In the previous chapters, we denounced that Nguyễn Tất Thành robbed Phan Chu Trinh, Phan Văn Trường. Nguyễn Thế Truyềnof their  alias Nguyễn Ái Quốc, and Hồ Học Lãm of alias Hồ Chí Minh. From this chapter, we called him Hồ Chí Minh, the President (1945–1969) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam although  he was Nguyễn Tất Thành or Hồ Tập Chương. 
  After the collapse of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union in the late XXth century, Vietnamese communists  thought that the  idol of Marx and Lenin also collapsed. They  wanted to build a new idol. The new idol they needed was Hồ Chí Minh.The Vietnamese Communist Party launched the movement of “ Studying  and Following the  Morality of Hồ Chí Minh" (Học tập và làm theo tấm gương đạo đức Hồ Chí Minh) which began from February 3, 2007 to February 3,2011, in order to celebrate Hồ Chí Minh's Thoughts and Morality (1) .
Although  following the Materialism , the Communists also focused on thoughts, and Mental activities, consequently, the communist leaders had to try to be the thinkers, the theorists of the communist party. Indeed, every body like the fame including the communists. Nguyễn Tất Thành robbed Phan Chu Trinh, Phan Văn Trưòng of their alias "Nguyễn Ái Quốc" because he liked the fame of the doctors of literature, the fame of the intellectuals although he was only a worker. When he came back Vietnam in 1945, he also tried to be a thinker, a writer and a poet. 

When he died, Vietnamese communists appraised him: "
Ho Chi Minh was not only the founder of Vietnamese communism, he was the very soul of the revolution and of Vietnam's struggle for independence. His personal qualities of simplicity, integrity, and determination were widely admired, not only within Vietnam but elsewhere as well". (2).Wikipedia wrote of Hồ Chí Minh's Thought:" Ho Chi Minh Thought (Vietnamese: Tư tưởng Hồ Chí Minh “Thoughts of Ho Chi Minh”) is the political philosophy of the Vietnamese Communist Party (VCP). Since 1991, it has appeared coequally with Marxism-Leninismas integral to the curriculum of fundamental instruction for civil servants in Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh Thought is an ideology that adapts Marxism–Leninismto the specific social, political, and economic conditions of the Vietnamese people, by Ho Chi Minh, the leader of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The tenets of Ho Chi Minh Thought are primarily constructed from the political statements and attitudes of Ho Chi Minh.(3) 
What was Hồ Chí Minh? There are many ideas.
 According to Time magazine, “Communist propaganda elevates Ho to the status of sage, national hero, saint. He has become the Strategist, the Theoretician, the Thinker, the Statesman, the Man of Culture, the Diplomat, the Poet, and the Philosopher. All these names are accompanied with adjectives like "legendary" and "unparalleled." He has become Ho the Luminary, Ho the Visionary. Peasants in the South build shrines to him. In the North old women bow before his altar, asking miracles for their suffering children.”(4)
  By the fall of the Communism, Vietnamese Communist Party changed communism into a new religion and Hồ was its God despite in the last century, Marx criticized that "Religion is the opium of the people."
 William J. Duiker wrote:

 The cult has today been institutionalized, and “Ho Chi Minh thought” has been taught officially in schools since 1997. It was meant to replace the Marxist-Leninist doctrine that fell out of favor after the disintegration of the socialist camp, since communist ideology has now become “localized” or has simply given way to a pragmatism in search of a new doctrinal reference point.(5)
According to Sophie Quinn Judge, Ho Chi Minh (Ho the Most Enlightened) (1890–1969) became a world figure after the Second World War, during Vietnam’s long struggle for independence from France. Th e first president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV), which declared its independence in September 1945, Ho attained his greatest renown in the 1960s, during the DRV’s war against the United States for control of southern Vietnam. (6)
Deception was one of the weapons of the communists. Vladimir Lenin said:" We would be deceiving both ourselves and the people if we concealed from the masses the necessity of a desperate, bloody war of extermination, as the immediate task of the coming revolutionary action"(7). 
 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn said:"Any man who has once proclaimed violence as his method is inevitably forced to take the lie as his principle.(8)
Because the Communists always told lie and covered many masks on their faces, we had to present the truth and unmasked them. If we believed totally in the communist documents or their words, we would be  men without head and heart.

After 1920, Nguyễn Tất Thành engaged in the communist affairs, he became a communist, working for the Comintern. The most important thing of the Communism is to deny the Nationalism. Karl Mark wrote "Workers have no fatherland." (9).  
And Lenin said: I don’t care what becomes of Russia. To hell with it. All this is only the road to a World Revolution.(10)
Hồ Chí Minh evaluated Lenin: 
 "How much Lenin's thesis makes me  emotional, excited, and clear! I'm glad to tears. Sitting alone in my room, I said out loud as talking before crowds: "O my people, being enslaved is very painful! These are necessary for us, this is the way to liberate us"(11).
Hô chí Minh was a loyal student to Marxism. Bernard Fall is right when he wrote of Hồ Chí Minh: "Deeds" are the keynote of the Hồ Chí Minh's life.. . Hồ Chí Minh was a doer, not a profound thinker in the field of political philosophy. His genius is revealed in his deeds,  in his ability to organizer and  administer the difficult Vietnam society with a combination gentleness and ruthless brutality. He is a very consistent person with respect to his political objectives, he has not wavered in his purposes as the decades have passed. He subcribed to Marxist Leninist revolutionary concepts as a boy and has never seen  any reason for revising  this basic  for political action . It has served him well.(12)


Ho Chí Minh 's loyalty was based on three reasons:
-Nationalism is a serious crime towards the communism. Therefore, wanting to kill Hồ Chí Minh, Hà Huy Tập  accused Hồ of nationalism.
 -Hồ could not violate Marxism, because he was controlled by Communist International Group beside him.
-Hồ wanted to be a naive student, having no idea against his teachers.
Hồ Chí Minh was employed by the Comintern, consequently, he must followed trickly the Comintern Charter, if not, he woul be  expelled from the party. 
The most important articles of the comintern charters are the followings:

1. All propaganda and agitation must bear a really communist character and correspond to the programme and decisions of the Communist International. All the party’s press organs must be run by reliable communists who have proved their devotion to the cause of the proletariat. The dictatorship of the proletariat must not be treated simply as a current formula learnt off by heart. Propaganda for it must be carried out in such a way that its necessity is comprehensible to every simple worker, every woman worker, every soldier and peasant from the facts of their daily lives, which must be observed systematically by our press and used day by day.
 15. Parties that have still retained their old social democratic programmes have the obligation of changing those programmes as quickly as possible and working out a new communist programme corresponding to the particular conditions in the country and in accordance with the decisions of the Communist International.
As a rule the programme of every party belonging to the Communist International must be ratified by a regular Congress of the Communist International or by the Executive Committee. Should the Executive Committee of the Communist International reject a party’s programme, the party in question has the right of appeal to the Congress of the Communist International.
16. All decisions of the Congresses of the Communist International and decisions of its Executive Committee are binding on all parties belonging to the Communist International. The Communist International, acting under conditions of the most acute civil war, must be built in a far more centralist manner than was the case with the Second International. In the process the Communist International and its Executive Committee must, of course, in the whole of its activity, take into account the differing conditions under which the individual parties have to fight and work, and only take generally binding decisions in cases where such decisions are possible.
17. In this connection all those parties that wish to belong to the Communist International must change their names. Every party that wishes to belong to the Communist International must bear the name Communist Party of this or that country (Section of the Communist International). The question of the name is not formal, but a highly political question of great importance. The Communist International has declared war on the whole bourgeois world and on all yellow social-democratic parties. The difference between the communist parties and the old official ‘social-democratic’ or ‘socialist’ parties that have betrayed the banner of the working class must be clear to every simple toiler.

The Comintern Charpter fixed Hồ Chí Minh 's thoughts and activities. Following Comintern, Hồ Chí Minh became a loyal servant to his master.
 In the congress in February of 1951, Hồ Chí Minh expressed his absolute loyalty to the Communism  by his declaration: On the field of theory, Vietnamese Communist Party had to follow Marxism, Leninism and Maoism." And he said:" I have no thought, my thoughts were  Marxism and Leninism."(14)
Indeed, Hồ Chí Minh was not a thinker, and a prominent writer. Before involving in the Comintern, Nguyễn Ái Quốc was not a nationalist. He went to the French in order to save himself and his family, not to save his country. He wanted to be a lackey of the French when he sent the letter to the French authorities asking for his study at the Colonial School!He did not want his father struggled against the French when he begged the French  for restoring his father's position. He and his family were not the revolutionists because his father, his sister and his brother were the servants of the French colonialists.
William Duiker and Brocheux called Hồ Chí Minh “half Lenin and half Gandhi" (15). How they could compare Hồ Chí Minh to Gandhi! Gandhi was a saint, who advocated nonviolence when Hồ and his comrades" openly declare that their ends can be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions"(16). Following Marx, practicing " class struggle", and "proletarian dictatorship", Ho Chí Minh committed genocide in the Vietnam war, as the Ôn Như Hầu Massacre (1946), the Land Reform (1954), and Mậu Thân Offensive (1968).
Nobody could compare Hồ Chí Minh with Tito, and Washington. While Tito struggled against Stalin, Ho absolutely obeyed his master. When Washington followed capitalism, and he turned the USA into a wealthy country, when Hô communism, and a slave of USSR and China.
According to Brocheux, “Ho was also steeped in the perennial Sino-Vietnamese philosophy that blended Confucianism . . . with Buddhism and Taoism. In sum, Ho retained his original education and then closely linked it with Leninist theory, which essentially defines the strategy and tactics of revolution and the taking of political power” (pp. 185–186). (17)
The  aim of the Communism is to break with the traditional relations;  and traditional ideas.(18)
Following the Communism, like Mao tse tung, Hồ Chí Minh also criticized Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism, and considered these religions as opium. He forbade or obstructed the worship in Vietnam, and destroyed a number of the religious establishments. Sometimes, he mentioned Confucius' sayings, but not Buddha and Lao tsu, because he did not find any ideas in Marxism. Moreover, in the land of Confucian culture, the quotation of Confucianism is necessary. His sayings were only  the performance of an artist on the stage not love of traditional philosophy. In sum, Ho wanted to destroy Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism, and he never had the idea to link them with Leninist theory.
Hồ Chí Minh was not a nationalist and democrat because he was a communist. Like Lenin, Stalin,, Hồ also said of freedom, democracy, and like  Mao Tsetung, Hồ declared love of country, and love of people but what they said or wrote were deceitful. Communists always practiced the malicious way:"  hanging the goat head but selling the dogmeat". 

 Hồ Chí Minh was a communist but Stalin, Trần Phú, Hà Huy Tập accussed him of nationalist. Why?
There are many reasons.
-Firstly,  the Second International was broken by the Nationalism at that time. As a result, Stalin hated the nationalists.
-Hồ Chí Minh became famous by the name Nguyễn Ái Quốc and by the revolutionary works by Nguyễn Thế Truyền, Phan Chu Trinh, Phan Văn Trường. Unfortunately, those works contained the spirit of nationalism, therefore in the Commintern , it became an obstacle for him.
-In the Comintern, the ideas of "peasants" and "colonies" were very new, somehow they were contrary to Marx, (Although  the workers were still seen in classic  Marxist terms as the leading force  of revolution, it  was now acceptable to revise Marx's injunction and to call " Peasants and Workers of the World  to unite. ... In spite of the Comintern's increasing attention to the peasantry when Hồ Chí MInh arrived in Moscow in July 1923, his report on anti-imperialist activities in France was highly critical at the organization. (Sophie Quinn Judge, The Missing Years, 51, 45)

 In the dark forest, there are a lot of traps, we must realize what is wrong and what is right, what is real and what is false.  If not, we will mislead. Hồ Chí Minh used the words" freedom", "democracy", "love country" to deceive people. He knew that Vietnamese people hated communism, but loved their country. In deed, Communist  won victory onlyhe used the mark of nationalism and democrat to cover his real face, a face of communist:
- When he went to China, he did not use the name " Nguyễn Ái Quốc", name of a communist.
In 1945, he labeled Vietnam as the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, but after 1975, his men renamed "Socialist Republic of Vietnam".
-In 1945, Ho Chi Minh utilized the banner of national liberation, but after 1954, with the Điện Biên Phủ victory,  he put off his mask of a nationalist and a democrat. He went to Moscow to get the order of Stalin and Mao, and when he came back Vietnam, he carried out the " Land Reform program" in which more than 100,000 perceived "class enemies" were executed. Some estimates range from 200,000 to 900,000 deaths from executions, camps, and famine. Torture was used on a wide scale. Land Reform and Collective farms and collective firms are the products of communism. What was Ho Chi Minh? Was he a   saint or a ghost? Was he a nationalist?


Nobody could find his name in the Marxists Archive. William Duiker said of Hồ Chí Minh: “Hồ Chí Minh is just a tactician and no more”.(19)
 Duiker also said: "Difficult to categorize, Ho Chi Minh has not been granted the intellectual depth of a political thinker, the creative genius of a writer, or the skill of a military strategist. (20)
Mao followed communism, he worshiped Marx, Lenin, Stalin but he corrected Marx when he placed the peasantry within the vanguard of the revolution, the proletariat led by the Communist Party. Mao was a thinker, but Hồ was a loyal follower of Mao. When comparing Hồ and Mao, Beresford wrote:
 "Ho Chi Minh was a party tactician and strategist not a theoretician  and Mao Tse-tung is credited with developing the revolutionary peasant theories into Maoism".(21)

  Ho was a professional plagiarist .
 -H robbed Phan Chu Trinh, Phan Văn Trường, Nguyễn Thế Truyền  alias Nguyễn Ái Quốc and  their works .
- According to Prof. Lê Hữu Mục,  Diary of Prison by a Chinese not by Hồ Chí Minh.
-According to Vũ Thư Hiên,  Sửa Đổi Lề Lối Làm Việc (The Working Amendment) by Hồ Chí Minh  was a copy of Chỉnh đốn văn phong ( Reorganization of Attitude) by Mao  tsetung  and   Sự tu dưỡng của người đảng viên Cộng Sản 
 ( The Cultivation of the Communist) by  Líu shào qí (22)
-On August 19, 1945, at a spontaneous non-communist meeting in Hanoi, Ho and his men stole the leading role to seize power and on September 2, he delivered his Declaration of Independence.The irony of this declaration was its repeat of what King Bao-Dai had declared earlier. In the declaration , Ho Chi Minh plagiarized a famous statement from the Declaration of Independence of the USA: "All men are created equal." Under his regime's title "Democratic Republic of Vietnam" is the motto - still remaining today - "Independence - Freedom - Happiness," which was again plagiarized from the Sun Yatsen's "Three-People Doctrine." 
 -Ho copied the ideas of Cufucianists without  citing its origin.. Ho plagiarized the ideas of Kanji (725 - 645BC) when he said " Ten years of planting trees".He also plagiarized the ideas of Mèng Zǐ  ( 372–289BC ) when he wrote:
"The benefit of the people is first of all, second to national interests, and the interests of the king is not significant."


 Despite Hồ Chí Minh promoted himself, and his men valuated him as a towering leader in the communist world, many documents proved the opposite. 

1. When and how Hồ Chí Minh came to Moscow and what he did there?
Hồ said that when he came to USSR, Lenin ( 22 April 1870 - 21 Junuary,1924) just died . (Trần Dân Tiên, p.32).  If Hồ Chí Minh said the truth, he came to USSR about 23 January 1924. But according to History of the Vietnamese Communist Party, Hồ came to Moscow to attend the  Fifth Comintern Congress, but the Congress was postponed because Lenin was sick. I * ĐẢNG CỘNG SẢN * LỊCH SỬ ĐẢNG CỘNG SẢN
  Did Hồ come  to Moscow before or after the Lenin's death? Why did he forget such an important event? Hồ also told that he came to USSR without paper (Trần Dân Tiên, 32).
According to Sophie Quinn Judge, Hồ reached Petrograde ( now once again  St. Petersburg) by ship on 30 June from the North Sea Port of Hamburg. In Berlin, the Comintern network had provided him with a Russian travel document in the name of Chen Vang. He was coming to Russia at a time when  the first revolutionary illusions of the Bolchevik leaders has passed ( Hồ Chí Minh, The Missing Years, 43)
 History of the Vietnamese Communist Party also said that after finishing a short class at the Far East University or Stalin School,he was accepted as a cadre of the Far East of International Communist.
 Wikipedia wrote: " In 1923, Nguyễn (Ho) left Paris for Moscow, where he was employed by the Comintern, studied at the Communist University of the Toilers of the East, and participated in the Fifth Comintern Congress in June 1924". Wikipedia also presented a lot of its Prominent alumni :
 In another article, Ho Chi Minh's activities in the period 1911-1941, Wikipedia also certified that June 1923, [14] Nguyen Ai Quoc to Moscowto study at the University of the East of the Communist International [15] . At the 5th Congress of the Communist International he was appointed commissioner of the Board of the East, in charge of the Department of the South [16] .But note 16 told a truth:
 In a letter sent from Moscow to BBC, Mr. Nguyễn Hưng Đạt  wrote that Mr. Nguyễn Ái Quốc  has never been the Southern Department of the Communist International III  as the People Newspaper dated September 5, 1969 stated, and that department was not never created in the Soviet Union and nobody could find this name in the Federal archives, including the Communist International document on the Second and Third International"vi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoạt_động_của_Hồ_Chí_M... 

 According to Sophie Quinn Jude at the Fourth  Congress  in December 1922,  a report revealed that the Eastern Sector 's followed no plan and was 'completely unsystematic' Again a reorganization was decreed.A single , all embracing structure was created, again called the Eastern Section (otdel) with Karl Radek named as its head in May 1923. His deputy was Grigory Voitinsky. Three divisions were created within the Eastern Section: the Near Eastern Section, composed of Turkey, Egypt, Seria, Plestine, Morocco, Tunisia,Algeria and Persia;the Middle Eastern Section, including British India, Indochina and Indonesia; and the Far Eastern Section of Japan, Korea, China and Mongolia (The Missing Years, 62)  
Thus, the Southern Department of the Communist International III  did not exist in the world!

 Although Hồ attended a short class at a school or an university in Moscow, actually, he was not an university student, he was only an unfinished elementary school boy for good. Moreover, the Communist University of the Toilers of the East also known as the Far East University or Stalin School, was established in 1921 in Moscow by the Communist International as a training college, or a center for communist cadres in the colonial world. It was not a regular University as Harvard University, MIT,University of Cambridge which required  every student must  have a baccalaureate. Trần Phú, Lê Hồng Phong, Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai did not finish their elementary or high school education. According to Sophie Quinn Judge, " the University of the Toilers of the East also known as the Stalin School, in Moscow became  a forum for exchanging information and ideas. But with the exception of Hồ, the Vietnamese did not have this opportunity before 1925 or 1926, when the first Indochinese student , sent from Paris, were formally enrolled. Founded in 1921 to train communist cadres, the University  by 1924 was educating Asians from within the borders of the Soviet state and growing numbers of foreigners. An enrolment list of East and Southeast Asians for that year showed sixty -seven Koreans, 109 Chinese, six Malays,or Indonesians, and sixteen Mongolians. There is no formal record of Hồ Chí Minh having studied there before 1936, although the Rusian writer Yevgeny Kobelev cites a 15 March 1924 interview with Hồ from the Italian communist newspaper L' Unità, in which Hồ describes his studies at the University. Mr. Roy also claims that Hồ studied at the school. As  Hồ 's first formal attachment  in Moscow was to Krestintern, it is  possible that he received  some sort  of training in peasant organizing during his first stay there (The Missing Years, 54-55).
 Hô claimed in Vietnam, he studied at Quốc Học; in Soviet state, Hồ also claimed that he studied at the University of the Toilers of the East. What Hô claimed were not true.

2. In the Comintern, Hồ Chí Minh was only an employee, a simple employee.

The " Complete Document of Vietnamese Commnist Party" published by Sự Thật, vol. I, proved that Hồ Chí Minh was a simlpe employee of Commitern,  maybe he was a spy,  so he must obeyd the order of the Comintern.
In November, 1927, after he was involved in  a secret work in Paris following the order of Communist International, he came back to Berlin. Then the Communist International ordered him to go to Bruxelles...

3. President Hồ under the eyes of Stalin and Mao Tse Tung:

According to Đặng Chí Hùng, in a book entiled 
" Our Theory"  published in East Germany in 1981, p.93, A. Schenalder, a German communist, touched upon Hồ Chí Minh:

The true communist did not rated the ideal nationalism of Hồ Chí Minh. Many leaders as Stalin realized that Hồ Chí Minh focused on personal interests and nationalism.
( Đặng Chí Hùng, Những sự thật không thể chối bỏ Phần 11. HCM, LXII)

Vietnamese communist party said that in 1923,  Nguyễn Ái Quốc went to USSR and was respected by the Russians but the reality actually has proved the contrary. Hoàng Tùng wrote in his Memoir:

After the attack of Chiang Kai-shek, Hồ went to the Soviet Union. Before that time,  Uncle Hồ  was in charge of the Department of the Southeast Asia. He participated in the Fifth Comintern Congress in June 1924, but not elected to the Executive Committee. At that time, by his behavior, the Soviet leaders judged that he was not eligible for the communism. The Russians did not give him any official position in international organizations. He want come back but they did not give him money. He might ask his friends for  travel expense.HOÀNG TÙNG * HỒI KÝ

Wikipedia  wrote about the relationship between Mao Tsetung and Hồ in 1949-1950:The occasion of the Lunar New Year of the Tiger in 1950, he made a secret trip to China, the Soviet Union. On 2-1-1950, he and Tran Dang Ninh , from Tuyen Quang walk to Chongqing - Cao Bang, then continue Long Chau, Guangxi. At this point, Ho Chi Minh getting in touch with the Chinese Communist Party. Office of the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee has arranged bus transportation union Nanning, from there take the train to Beijing. He worked in Beijing for a week, then the same Tran Dang Ninh train transport to the Soviet Union. Secret trip, he was successful in both the political and diplomatic aspects, which is the historic trip as a precondition for the establishment of diplomatic relations between Vietnam and the Soviet Union, between Vietnam and China China and other socialist countries.(http://vi.wikipedia.org/wiki/H%E1%BB%93_Ch%C3%AD_Minh)

Hứa Hoành  gave us more details of Hồ' s travel: In 1949, Mao Zedong was the Chairman of the People's Republic of China, and Mr. Ho was also president of Vietnam. When Ho with a delegation  had to walk through the jungle to the border to   ask for aid, the Chinese government used a truck to  transport them to Guangxi, without focusing on the protocol.(24) 
 Hứa Hoành had this document by hearing  Mr. Lê Phát, a member of this delegation, and by reading " Memoires Inedites" by Nikita Khroushchev, published by Pierre Belfontin Paris. Nikita Khroushchev recited this event:
"I remembered that Ho Chi Minh has to go to Moscow to ask for material aid and weapons to fight the French. Stalin did not believe in victory in the Vietnam war. As a result, he disdained Hô Chí Minh. I realized that Stalin had no sympathy with a communist as Hồ Chí Minh. .  .  I remembered an event that could offend Hồ.. Hồ wanted Stalin welcome him as a president of Vietnam Democratic Republic, but  Stalin refused, and  answered him: "the opportunity was gone. You go to Moscow silently, so we can not inform your arrival to our people. "...Hồ asked Stalin to give him an air plane for his landing, and prepare for him a speech  to welcome him. But Stalin also refused. Every time, Stalin told us this story and he laughed merrily (25).

Nikita Khrushchev continued his story: "During the conversation, Ho Chi Minh always sticked his eyes on Stalin with a strange look, only Hồ had such a look.  His look demonstrated a naivety and wildness. I saw that look when Hồ found a Russian newspaper maybe "The Soviet Union in Building ", in his document, he begged Stalin for his signature and some lines for souvenir. 
"Hồ seemed delighted with the thought of returning to Vietnam with Stalin 's signature so he could brag with his men. Stalin wrote his dedication, but then he ordered his cadets to steal this newspaper  because he was afraid that Hồ could abuse his reputation. "(25)

Hồ Chí Minh was very good in the art of propaganda, and the art of boast. In 1945, he also practiced the trick of" the fox borrows the tiger's dread" when he asked the Americans for gun and for taking a photograph. As a result, many Vietnamese believed that Vietnamese Communists were supported  by the USA.
According to Nguyễn Đăng Mạnh, everybody in the Communist world worshiped Stalin and Mao Tsetung but nobody listened to Ho Chi Minh, Stalin never considered Hồ Chí Minh as a true communist. Phạm Văn Đồng said with Hoàng Tuệ (when they stayed in USSR) that in 1950, Stalin called Hồ for a meeting. Stalin did not call him comrade (tavarich).( Nguyển Đăng Mạnh, HCM,XLV);
In his Memoir, Hoàng Tùng wrote: When Hồ Chí Minh lived in USSR in 1934-1938, he only worked for the Department of  Colony, but he did not have a precise job. He had not the permission to register in the University. He asked for writing a Kandidat naukthesis, but he did not receive any answer."...Because the relationship between the USSR and China had problem, so when the government of Viet nam was found, the USSR and China did not recognize it.   HỒI KÝ,

Hoàng Tùng also said of the period of factional  struggle in the Vietnamese communists.Hà Huy Tập accused Hồ of his nationalism. In the zone IV, everybody divided although they were the major communists as Nguyễn Sơn, Hoàng Văn Hoan, Hồ Tùng Mậu, Trần Hữu Dực. .. Hoàng Văn Hoan was the worst man. ...The internal situation seemed to be good, excepted some cases such as Trần Văn Giàu, Phi Vân. I asked Phi Vân about Hồ Chí Minh, he replied:" He thinks he is a very important person, but he is nothing. He is a nationalist, and his theoretical level is very bad."
... In  1923, Nguyễn Văn Tạo entered the center, but Hồ Chí Minh did not.  HỒI KÝ,

All his life, despite he was Nguyễn Tất Thành or Hồ Tập Chương, Hồ Chí Minh was a liar. According to Nguyễn Minh Cần,  the Soviet Nghệ Tịnh was trick of  Nguyễn Tất Thành. Nobody had the order of the Communist leaders, no place seized the power. It was only  a small rebel in some places in Nghê An but Nguyễn Tất Thành exaggerated this event in order to promote himself.
In a word, Stalin and Mao Tse tung did not like Ho Chí Minh.  In the Comintern, Hồ Chí Minh  was not valuable, and in Vietnam, Hồ was criticized by Trần Phú and Hà Huy Tập, and Hồ also had no value in the eyes of his comrades.

 Hồ Chí Minh, The Missing Years by Sophie Quinn Judge was an important book. She gave us many details of  Hồ 's journey in the USSR about 1923.
-Hồ was a member of the French communist party,  he came to Russia by the help of this party. (French communists seem to assume that the Vietnamese Communists would look for direction to the French party's Colonial Commission, in spite of the fact that it worked in a half- hearted way. ...In the end, Hồ's Comintern-sponsored returned to Asia  became possible as a result of and within the framework of the Russian mission  to Republican China. To all appearances, when he arrived in Moscow,Hồ was still speaking as representative of  the Intercolonial Union in Paris  and may have composed his report jointly with with his coleagues there (The Missing Years, 51, 54)
-About 1923, the Russian party and state were at this very moment implementing Lenin's These on National and Colonial Questions by helping create a united front entirely  from above between the Nationalists in the Guomindang and the CCP.  After the Fifth Comintern Congress in June 1924, a concrete recommendation  would be made to send Hồ to Canton working beside Guomingdang (The Missing Years, 46-61)
 - The leaders of Comintern did not pay attention to Vietnam while China 's republican were being courted by Russian diplomats and special envoys, the more distant colonies of France  had clearly not attracted Russia's interest (The Missing Years, 51).
 - unlike Roy and some of the other Asians involved  in Comintern  work in 1924, Hồ did not yet represent an Asian communist party. .. Moreover, at that time, Vietnamese communists without their own communist party, remained in an ambiguous position, with several directions in which they could look for guidance  (The Missing Years, 54, 67)
 -In Russia, Hồ did not have any privilege. He requested a buget of 100 US dollars per month to cover local travel, correspondance, subscripbtion, food and lodging; in aditon he asked for the money for his voyage  from Russia to China (The Missing Years,46)
-In a note to Mr. Petrov, head of the Eastern Section, Hô complained about the rent he was being asked to pay for what he considered inferior accomodation in the overcrowed Hotel Lux."During the month of December, January and Fubruary " he wrote, I was in room 176, where there  were always four or five lodgers. In the daytime, the noise was continual, which prevented me from working. At night I was eaten by bedbugs, which prevented me from getting any rest. Since March, he had been housed in a small singe room,he said,comparing the restricted space and very basic furniture in my room with the other large rooms more confortable, with several lamps, telephone, bathroom, wardrobe, sofa etc, and with a reasonable rent,the price which they want me to pay is scandalous.
The tone here is one of insult- did he feel that he was getting worse  treatment than the Europeans or someone of Roy's standing? (The Missing Years,67)
-After the Fifth Comintern Congress, Hồ Chí Minh finally prodded the Eastern Section into taking on his planned  voyage to China. His assignment appears to have  been  loosely defined, however that was difficult to believe that the Comintern leader who dealt with his request had paid as much attention.  From his own recapitulation of events in his letter  of 9 September 1924,  it is clear that he was leaving  Moscow  with very tenuous baking:
 After the Fifth Congress, the Eastern Section informed me:
1) that it was going to recommend me to the Guomindang, for which I would be obliged to work, because  except for the cost of the voyage,the section could not give me any financial aid;
2)that I would be there as a private person and not aComintern agent;
3) that I have no relationship with our party [ this seems to mean the French party, of which Ho was still a member] while in China.
Even though all these conditions seem difficult, I accept them in order to leave. To make up for conditions two and   three, I ask my party to give a mandate, and send a letter to Chinese party, asking them to help me in my work. The problem has thus resolved.  (The Missing Years,65)
- But his depart from Moscow was delayed by the Civil war in China.At last, Hồ got to Canton on approximately  11, November 1924. He reported his arrival that he was staying in Comrade Borodin' s home with two or three Chinese comrades.At that time, Hồ worked for the ROSTA Agency, the Russian  Telegraphic Agency in  Canton, China, a precursor of the Tass news service,  as a translator, and he had enough money for his daily needs. (The Missing Years,66)

Sophie Quinn Judge also gave us more useful details on  life and activities of Hồ Chí Minh:
-According to Fischer, Hồ arrived in Moscow in 1922 to attend the Fourth Comitern Congress, but Sophie Quinn Judge said that there is no document or other evidence to support this, we can assume that she has got her fact wrong (The Missing Years,53).
-One of his main  occupation  in Moscow was preparing reports on Vietnam and writing short articles for the communist press. He may have revised the manuscrip which he had begun in France, which was at last published as Le Procès de la Colonization Francaise by the Library du Travail in Paris in 1925. The typewritten French manuscript of what appears to be another brochure by Ho on Indochina is in the Comintern archives, but there is no sign that it was published.(The Missing Years,.55)
Although Hồ Chí Minh was Nguyễn Tất Thành or Hồ Tập Chương, or another man, and although he was a tricky man, in 1963, he was restrained by Lê Duẩn and Lê Đức Thọ. According to Vũ Thư Hiên ( Đêm Giữa Ban Ngày ) and  Nguyễn Văn Trấn    (Viết Cho Mẹ và Quốc Hội), Lê Duẩn and Lê Đức Thọ wanted to replace Hồ Chí Minh by General Nguyễn Chí Thanh. Unfortunately, Nguyễn Chí Thanh died  suddently in 1967, and Hồ remained at his position but died in  1969.
 Sophie Quinn Judge was right when she wrote about the tragic end of Hồ Chí Minh, "a prisoner of the system he created.":

A new first secretary, Le Duan, who was determined to aid the southern revolution, had been confirmed. In 1963 the Vietnamese became increasingly impatient with Khrushchev’s policies and began to support Chinese attacks on his revisionism. At the end of 1963 at the Ninth Party Plenum, a resolution was passed to make Vietnam’s foreign and internal policies follow those of China. Several memoirs maintain that Ho’s opinions were ignored at this meeting. At a Christmas meeting with the Soviet ambassador that year, Ho announced that he would be retiring from the day-to-day running of the country. The Ninth Plenum seems to have been a personal defeat for him, although he did not disagree with the policy of making reunification a priority. He probably did disapprove the unequivocal condemnation of Soviet revisionism, however. ... .
Some writers describe him as a prisoner of the system he created. He was in many respects a prisoner, but it is difficult to say that he created the system. It may be more accurate to say that he was a captive of his need for Communist support to win independence. This seriously restricted Ho’s political options throughout his career.(Ho Chi Minh [PDF] - Princeton University
http://press.princeton.edu/chapters/pons/s4_9143.pdf  )

Nguyễn Tất Thành and Hồ Tập Chương were the lackeys of the Chinese Communists.Nguyễn Tất Thành was disdained by Stalin and Mao, why they choose him for the Chairman of Vietnam? There are two answers for this question:
-Sophie Quinn Judge : Nguyễn Tất Thành was killed in the Stalin's purge.
-Hồ Tuấn Hùng: The Comintern replaced Nguyễn Tất Thành by Hồ Tập Chương, a Chinese in order to occupy Vietnam.


Although Hô Chi Minh is one of the towering figures of the twentieth century, considered an icon and father of the nation by many foreign writers and Vietnamese Communists, but for Vietnamese people, Ho Chi Minh has remained a figure of mystery and controversy because Ho and his men created the fake men and the fake things in the Communist and Vietnamese history. When he was praised by his men, Vietnamese people especially the Vietnamese nationalists debated interminably over his true character and intentions. Critics charged that he was a doctrinaire communist who sought to impose a Stalinist gulag on his compatriots. Consequently, he created a corrupt dictatorship and committed many crimes , and the most serious one was genocide. Moreover, he sold Phan Bội Châu to the French and Vietnam to the Chinese. He betrayed Vietnam, he was not a nationalist.  Do you believe that Vietnamese people so love Ho Chi Minh that Ho has become an object of veneration, literally, in temples dedicated to village spirits, national heroes, bodhisattvas, and even the Cao Dai (21). Do you believe that Vietnamese Buddhists want to worship Hồ Chí Minh, a dictator  who plundered their freedom, killed their father, imprisoned their brothers, and make them hungry? Do you believe that Korean people so loveKim Jong-il, a tyrant, that they cried so much?  Those were the drama scenes that the communists forced their people to play in order to deceive their people and the whole world.
 What do you see when the Communism fall in Eastern Europe and Soviet Union?  People overthrew Stalin statue, and destroyed the Berlin wall. That was the tragic end of the tyrants and the dictatorial governments. Now in Vietnam, communist party is still strong, but  the force of people  continued struggle against the communism.  
We will see a lot of Vietnamese contemporary folk songs  which criticized Hồ Chí Minh and his regime:
-Ông Hồ, ông Duẩn, ông Chinh,
Vì ba ông ấy dân mình khổ đau.
Due to Mr. Hồ, Mr. Duẩn, and Mr. Chinh, Vietnamese people have to stand so much sufferings. 
-"Mỗi năm ba thước vải thô,
Lấy gì che kín cụ Hồ hỡi em."Each year we have the right to buy three meters of clothing,
How  can we  cover Mr. Hồ Chí Minh?
-Ở với Thiệu Kỳ
Mua gì cũng có,
Ở với Hồ Chí Minh 
Mua cái đinh cũng phải đăng ký.
Living with Thiệu Kỳ,
We can buy everything,
Living with Hồ Chí Minh,
We can buy nothing. 
  Poet Nguyễn Chí Thiện portraited sincerely the images and activities of Hồ Chí Minh:
 Không có gì quý hơn độc lập tự do."
Tôi biết nó, thằng nói câu nói đó
Tôi biết nó, đồng bào miền Bắc này biết nó
Việc nó làm, tội nó phạm ra sao
 .    .     .  .     .    .    .   .    .     .
Và tình nguyện làm con chó nhỏ
Xông xáo giữ nhà gác ngõ cho cha anh

(Không có gì quý hơn độc lập tự do)

Nothing is more precious than independence and freedom. "
I know the  guy who said that sentence
I know him, people  in the North know him.
And know what he did, and what were his crimes
........   .     .     .     .    .    .      .     .    .
He called Russian and Chinese  father and brother
He  made up his  mind to be a dog  guarding their house.

(Nothing is more precious than independence and freedom)

 From 1945 till now, Vietnamese people struggled continually against Hồ Chí Minh and his men. Phan Khôi, Trần Dần, Nguyễn Mạnh Tường, Trần Đức Thảo, Phùng Quán, Phùng Cung, Dương Thu Hương, Bùi Ngọc Tấn, Trần Xuân Bách, Trần Độ, Nguyễn Kiến Giang, Thích Quảng Độ, Thích Thiện Minh, Nguyễn Văn Lý, Lê Quang Liêm, Cù Huy Hà Vũ,  Lê Công Định, Nguyễn Văn Đài, Lê Thị Công Nhân, Lê Trần Luật, Tạ Phong Tần, Trần Quốc Hiền, Lê Quốc Quân, Nguyễn Bắc Truyển, Việt Khang..  .One day, Vietnamese people uprised and abolished Vietnamese communist party completly. In the meantime, please, remember the words of Russia President Vladimir Putin: "He who believes the communists has no brain. He who follows the communists has no heart"(22)
(1). Bộ Chính trị vừa ra Chỉ thị số 06 - CT/TW về tổ chức cuộc vận động "Học tập và làm theo tấm gương đạo đức Hồ Chí Minh” trong toàn Đảng, toàn đân từ ngày 3/2/2007 đến hết nhiệm kỳ Đại hội X của Đảng.http://vietbao.vn/Xa-hoi/Chi-thi-cua-Bo-Chinh-tri-ve-Hoc-tap-va-lam-theo-tam-guong-dao-duc-Ho-Chi-Minh/45223333/157/
(5). Foreword by William J. Duiker .Pierre Brocheux. Ho Chi Minh: A Biography.Cambridge University Press www.cambridge.org
(6).Ho Chi Minh [PDF] - Princeton University Press. p.1. http://press.princeton.edu/chapters/pons/s4_9143.pdf
(7).  "Lessons of the Moscow Uprising" Collected Works, Vol. 11, p. 174. http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Vladimir_Lenin
(11). Hồ Chí Minh: Toàn tập, Nxb. Chính trị quốc gia, H.2002, t.10, tr.127, 128.
(12). B. Bernard Fall. Introduction to Hồ Chí Minh On Revolution. Selected Writings 1020-1966. Frederick A. Preager, New York, 1976, p.435. The Journal of Asian Studies . Vol. 27, No. 2, Feb., 1968. Book Review. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2051814?uid=3739448&uid=2&uid=3737720&uid=4&sid=21101605268867
(13)   Defcon . Archive - Round 2 (1938). The Charter and Conditions of the Comintern
 (14). Ho Chi Minh: A Biography (review).Qiang Zhai.Journal of Cold War Studies.Volume 11, Number 2, Spring 2009. pp. 139-141
 (15). Ho Chi Minh: A Biography (review). Qiang Zhai
 (19).Bùi Tín. Hồ Chí Minh là người Cộng hòa hay người Cộng sản? http://www.voatiengviet.com/content/ho-chi-minh-la-nguoi-cong-hoa-hay-cong-san/1511119.html

(21) Beresford, Vietnam: Politics, pp.91-92. see also Willmott, ‘Thoughts on Ho Chi Minh,’ pp.586-587.
 The significance of Vietnamese Communists during the Comintern period.http://www.labour-history.org.uk/support_files/Vietnam.pdf
(22). Vũ Thư Hiên. Đêm Giữa Ban Ngày. Chương 38.
  -" (Hồi ký Lê Phát, Quê Mẹ, số 140). 

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